Tuesday, September 30. 2008
Intéressant de voir que les scientifiques de la Nasa se posent la question de la définition d'une zone habitable, à l'échelle d'une planète (Mars). Il serait alors encore plus intéressant de connaître leurs critères... et pour quel type d'habitabilité! Probablement évidemment la température, la présence ou la possibilité de l'eau, un sol fertile comprenant des nutriments, de l'énergie, etc. - Nous avions évoqué, à propos du projet RealRoom(s) (http://realrooms.fabric.ch), un élargissement des référentiels climatiques du système de climatisation (du bâtiment administratif de Nestlé) à l'échelle de la planète, puis évoqué (sans le faire) une sorte de re-distribution des fonctions à l'intérieur de ces différents climats et du bâtiment. Dont certains, évidemment, devenaient inhabitables ou temporairement habitables (trop froids, perpetuellement nocturnes, etc.). Je vois un parallèle entre le projet RealRoom(s) et ce que font les scientifiques de la Nasa en terme d'étude des zones d'"habitabilité" sur Mars... Tout comme je vois un parallèle entre la distribution mondiale des fonctions de production selon des critères climatiques et/ou économiques à l'ère de la globalisation et la définition d'une zone habitable à l'échelle d'une planète. Il s'agit dans les deux cas de la définition d'un programme fonctionnel (production/exploitation de ressources, habitation) à l'échelle planétaire, en fonction de critères climatiques, énergétiques et/ou économiques.
In What Should be Automated?, Matti Tedre discusses the fundamental flaw in the debate around automation. The question should not be “what should be automated?” but instead “How can one automate things efficiently and reliably?”, which then shifted to “why things should be automated?”:
Why do I blog this? preparing a presentation about failed futures, including some elements about the problems caused by “automation”. The author of the paper argues that the shift from what to how/why lead computing researcher to a situation where they really have to pay attention to “ the needs, wants, hopes, expectations, wishes, fears, concerns, and anxieties that people have regarding technology“.
Un petit insert du blog de Nicolas Nova qui pose la (bonne) question: les "choses" doivent-elles être automatisées, si oui comment et pour faire quoi? L'automatisation (la "domotique" en architecture) est aujourd'hui une activité par défaut où l'on automatise simplement des comportement fonctionnels du bâtiment, sans se poser la question du pourquoi. Mais surtout, sans se poser la question de ce que pourrait produire une telle approche en terme de formes & fonctions architecturales. En quoi cela pourrait transformer le bâtiment.
Monday, September 29. 2008
Friluftskino: Experiments in open-air surveillance cinema
An after effect of the consumer use of wireless surveillance technology is the production of images. These video images, incidental in nature, are easily intercepted while walking through the streets with a video scanner, creating an alternate journey into the non-places of the city created through surveillance use. Spatial boundary conventions of private and public, inside and outside are challenged by the reality of the radio transmission which moves beyond walls and onto the street. By accessing these images one is also offered a view into how the public depicts and represents itself through the use of these readily available technologies and a glimpse into the ways the city itself is redefined and restructured through migratory and economic flows and shifts.
For ‘Frilufts Kino‘, the city of Oslo will provide the source and the projection surface for an open-air cinema. Once a day, for a period of seven days, different places throughout the Oslo districts of Grønland and Grunerløkka will be used as locations for a ‘Frilufts Kino’. Using a powerful video beamer and video scanner, live surveillance intercepted from wireless CCTV cameras will be captured and then rebroadcasted upon the city walls.
The live transmission will ideally last as long as a feature length film. The extended time of the intervention is intended to allow one to contemplate the live image which, contrary to being titillating and action-filled, is actually empty and still, a place of non-action. They are spaces to be filled, through subtle shifts that take place within the observed scene, or through the viewer’s own physical or imagined intervention.
Michelle Teran (CA)
She has received numerous grants and awards for her work. She was nominated for the Transmediale award and received Prix Ars Electronica honorary mention within the interactive art category for her ongoing performance work ‘Life: a user’s manual’. LiveForm:Telekinetics (LF:TK), a collaborative project with Jeff Mann that develops experimental connected social spaces using streamed media, sensor-based and kinetic objects, was commissioned by Waag Society for Old and New Media (Amsterdam) and was awarded 2nd prize in the Vida 8.0 Art & Artificial Life International Competition, sponsored by Fundacion Telefonica (Madrid).
Une approche qui rappelle celle de Dunne & Raby il y a plusieurs années (la cartographie de la ville électromagnétique) ou d'autres projects de "scanning" des émissions d'ondes privées (wifi, baby call, etc.), couplée à celle de la projection "pirate" en zone urbaine (à la façon Graphiti Research Lab de NY-Eyebeam). Bref, pas vraiment nouveau, mais mérite d'être signalé. A voir aussi, au niveau matériel, quels sont ces scanner vidéos.
The first health-promoting mobile phone technology in the world
Sleep disorders are very common in modern society. Mild forms are familiar to everyone and up to 10 – 20 per cent of adults suffer from related diseases (organic sleep disorders). Diagnosing sleep disorders often requires extensive and expensive sleep recording at a sleep laboratory. At the moment, there are hardly any good screening methods for detecting sleep disorders.
Research conducted in two Finnish universities, Tampere University of Technology and the University of Helsinki, resulted in the development of a brand-new technology for screening and even diagnosing sleep disorders. The first application of the new technology, a smart alarm clock for mobile phones, HappyWakeUp®, is now available. It is the first health-promoting mobile phone application in the world.
In Tampere University of Technology MSc Väinö Virtanen started to record and analyse snoring two years ago to develop a simple screening method. "Very soon we noticed that a common microphone is very sensitive to any sounds and voices produced by movements in the bed during night-time. Everyone has heard the typical voices, when a mobile phone has accidentally called you from someone's pocket", says sleep specialist Tapani Salmi, MD, PhD.
Based on the new technology, the sleep research group developed the smart alarm clock for mobile phones called HappyWakeUp. The smart alarm clock gives an alarm signal in the morning just before the ultimate alarm time, if the sleeping subject is awake or "almost awake" due to the natural sleep rhythms. During these moments, the body and brain are already awake and waking up is natural and easy "It is rather an arousal clock than an alarm clock", says Salmi.
The alarm time is set normally with the mobile phone. The mobile phone is located beneath the pillow or the bed linen or near the sleeping subject. The appropriate almost-awake moments are detected by using a microphone and statistical analysis of voices. During the last 20 minutes before the ultimate alarm time, the analysis is activated to give a soft alarm signal, if there are movements indicating that the sleeping subject is awake or "almost awake". If the subject is sleeping calmly, no alarm signal is given before the ultimate alarm time.
"The alarm signal during deep sleep is stressful and familiar to everyone, but with the smart alarm clock this is avoided. After a trial period of some days or a week, you start to notice the benefits", promises Salmi. The continuous use of the clock helps the internal clock in your brain learn the proper sleep rhythms. "Pleasant mornings help avoid stress in your body and brain. Elevated stress-levels are associated with several risk factors and even diseases, such as hypertension and problems with the heart and brain. HappyWakeUp is not a medical product or treatment to any disease. "In case of sleep-associated diseases and symptoms you should contact your doctor", says Salmi.
HappyWakeUp® is available for Nokia smart phones based on S60 3rd ed FP1 platform at www.happywakeup.com. A one-week trial period costs €2. A two-month trial period and a permanent license are also available.
The sensitive microphone recording could also be used in monitoring other aspects of sleep. The detection of restless sleep, leg movements associated with the restless legs syndrome and screening for snoring and sleep apnea are possible by employing the same technology. The technology makes it possible to perform several repeated all-night recordings and to diagnose sleep disorders in countries and areas with no previous sleep recording facilities. The new technology is extremely cost-efficient, compared to the use of existing special medical recording devices.
The company Smart Valley Software Ltd. is developing the technology into a commercial product, supported by the Finnish Invention Foundation and the Finnish Funding Agency for Technology and Innovation (Tekes) in patent applications.
Further information: Sleep medicine: Tapani Salmi, MD PhD, email@example.com, tel. +358 400 894 790
Technology: Väinö Virtanen, MSc, firstname.lastname@example.org, tel. +358 40 704 1891
Full text and pictures: www.happywakeup.com/press
Microphone to detect other sleep disturbances
Could every morning be equally pleasant?
Santé, wellness &/or wellbeing & smart phone: une nouvelle "niche business". Mais aussi peut-être une nouvelle manière d'organiser son temps (gestion d'agenda?), basée sur des rythmes biologiques repérables, "monitorables" par le téléphone (on pourrait penser aussi à l'accéléromètre, le gps, év. des capteurs non encore présents dans la téléphone, etc.)?
(Page 1 of 6, totaling 29 entries) » next page
fabric | rblg
This blog is the survey website of fabric | ch - studio for architecture, interaction and research.
We curate and reblog articles, researches, writings, exhibitions and projects that we notice and find interesting during our everyday practice and readings.
Most articles concern the intertwined fields of architecture, territory, art, interaction design, thinking and science. From time to time, we also publish documentation about our own work and research, immersed among these related resources and inspirations.
This website is used by fabric | ch as archive, references and resources. It is shared with all those interested in the same topics as we are, in the hope that they will also find valuable references and content in it.
| rblg on Twitter